Pattern matching is defined as the practice of checking a given sequence for the presence of a pattern. The matches that a system will search for are typically required to be an exact match. The patterns are generally comprised of two types of structures, referred to as either a plain sequence or as a tree-structure.
Pattern matching is often used in various algorithms and data structures. Developers will use pattern-matching while working within a Java based API in order to match certain expressions. The groups captured during pattern-matching inside of Java are grouped inside of parentheses, and then used to perform mass changes quickly.
There are several basic methods of output that a pattern-matching search will present and reason for each of them to be used while programming. These methods include:
Study methods, which review the input string and return a Boolean indicating whether or not a pattern has been found.
Replacement methods, which are useful for replacing text in an input string.
The start and end methods, which counts the number of times certain words appear in a string.
The index method, which provides useful index values that show precise matches that are found in the input string.
Another use for pattern-matching is to locate the source of a syntax error. Oftentimes programmers will work with thousands of lines of code. In the unfortunate event that one of the text strings ends up with a typo or other mistake, the pattern matching syntax exception will help the programmer quickly locate the source of the error. It does this by several methods using the description.
The various methods of pattern-matching enable a programmer to perform function overloading and extract fields from the structures of code and into local variables. The use of these types of pattern-matching was first seen in text editors. It was used to replace features of the QED editor and made it possible for the text editor to accept regular expressions. Oftentimes these pattern-matching methods will be used as aids in creating macros for visual basic applications. Visual basics applications allow for the automation of certain functions, and in order for a system to be able to recognize the function it must first recognize the pattern.
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